We examined the possibility of measuring dissolved oxygen by using a potentiometric solid-state semiconductor sensor. Thin films of tin (IV) oxide (SnO2) are widely used in oxygen gas sensors. However, their ability to detect dissolved oxygen (DO) in solutions is still unknown. In this paper, we present a method for investigating the dissolved oxygen-sensing properties of SnO2 thin films in solutions by fabricating a SnO2-gate field-effect transistor (FET). A similarly structured hydrogen ion-sensitive silicon nitride (Si3N4)-gate FET was fabricated using the same method. The transfer characteristics and sensitivities were experimentally obtained and compared. The transfer characteristics of the FET show a shift in threshold voltage in response to a decrease in DO concentration. The SnO2-gate FET exhibited a sensitivity of 4 mV/ppm, whereas the Si3N4-gate FET showed no response to DO. Although the SnO2-gate FET responds to pH changes in the solution, this sensitivity issue can be eliminated by using a Si3N4-gate FET, which is capable of selectively sensing hydrogen ions without DO sensitivity. The experimental results indicate the promising properties of SnO2 thin films for multimodal sensing applications.
Toshihiko Noda, Sylvia Mei Lin Loo, Yoshiko Noda, Daisuke Akai, Takeshi Hizawa, Yong-Joon Choi, Kazuhiro Takahashi, Kazuaki Sawada, “A Multimodal Sensing Device for Simultaneous Measurement of Dissolved Oxygen and Hydrogen Ions by Monolithic Integration of FET-Based Sensors”, Sensors, vol. 22, no. 17, pp. 6669, 2022